Tuesday, March 27, 2012

Declaration of Independence vs. Declaration of Rights of Men

Use the following links to answer the questions below:

http://history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/111dec.html - Declaration of Rights of Men

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration_transcript.html - Declaration of Independence

http://www.ratical.org/co-globalize/BillOfRights.html - Bill of Rights


Questions:
1. What was the purpose of the Declaration of Rights of Men?
2. Which philosophers and thinkers may have influenced the framers of the Declaration of Rights of Men?
3. Compare France's Declaration with America's Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights.  

26 comments:

  1. 1. The Declaration of Rights of Man was a document drafted by the National Assembly (Third Estate) of France. It included the grievances the Third Estate had, which included being heavily taxed, natural rights, and equality of man. The purpose was to let the First and Second Estate know that the Third Estate was unhappy and it also was an effort to solve problems peacefully.

    2. The Declaration of Rights of Man was influenced by many Enlightenment thinkers. Jean-Jacques Rousseau influenced the Declaration from his ideas of individualism and the Social Contract. Baron de Montesquieu’s philosophy of separation of powers also contributed to the Declaration. Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence preceded the Declaration of Rights of Man and so the formers of the Declaration of Rights of Man took some ideas from the Declaration of Independence and also James Madison’s Bill of Rights influenced the Declaration of Rights of Man.

    3. There are many parallels between the Declaration of Independence, the Declaration of Rights of Man, and the Bill of Rights. “All Men are Created Equal” can be found in all three documents because the purpose of all three documents was to emphasize that there was no divide between rich men and poor men. Although the statement is broad, it does not apply to those of different races, women were excluded as well. “Men are Free” can also be found in all three documents. This basically means, no man should be in control of another man, also known as serfdom/slavery. Whenever man is referred to, in any of these texts, it refers to white males, not those of other races nor women. They are born free and they shall remain free till they die. The Declaration of Independence, which stated the faults within the monarchy and how it mistreated the colonies,was a document that established a split between England and the American Colonies. The Declaration of Right of Man stated the rights that should and need to be given to men within the country-- it did not provoke a call for independence between two separate lands.

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  2. 1. The Declaration of Rights of Man was a document drafted by the National Assembly (Third Estate) of France. It included the grievances the Third Estate had, which included being heavily taxed, natural rights, and equality of man. The purpose was to let the First and Second Estate know that the Third Estate was unhappy and it also was an effort to solve problems peacefully.

    2. The Declaration of Rights of Man was influenced by many Enlightenment thinkers. Jean-Jacques Rousseau influenced the Declaration from his ideas of individualism and the Social Contract. Baron de Montesquieu’s philosophy of separation of powers also contributed to the Declaration. Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence preceded the Declaration of Rights of Man and so the formers of the Declaration of Rights of Man took some ideas from the Declaration of Independence and also James Madison’s Bill of Rights influenced the Declaration of Rights of Man.

    3. There are many parallels between the Declaration of Independence, the Declaration of Rights of Man, and the Bill of Rights. “All Men are Created Equal” can be found in all three documents because the purpose of all three documents was to emphasize that there was no divide between rich men and poor men. Although the statement is broad, it does not apply to those of different races, women were excluded as well. “Men are Free” can also be found in all three documents. This basically means, no man should be in control of another man, also known as serfdom/slavery. Whenever man is referred to, in any of these texts, it refers to white males, not those of other races nor women. They are born free and they shall remain free till they die. The Declaration of Independence, which stated the faults within the monarchy and how it mistreated the colonies,was a document that established a split between England and the American Colonies. The Declaration of Right of Man stated the rights that should and need to be given to men within the country-- it did not provoke a call for independence between two separate lands.

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  3. The purpose of writing the Declaration of Rights of Men was to clearly establish those natural liberties and rights currently being oppressed by the French Government. The people of France, 98% of them being poor, were being taxed to death and unjustly treated by their government superiors. The Declaration of Rights of Men outlines issues such as taxation, property ownership, and lawful protection of the people. Its purpose was to remind the French government of their purpose and responsibility to the nation.
    The Declaration of Rights of Men, written by Lafayette, was inspired by the American Declaration of Independence written several years earlier. When he was 19, Lafayette visited the colonies and played an instrumental role in the defeat of the British. The young man found a mentor in George Washington and served under him during the Revolutionary War. The political and social views of George Washington influenced the ideals of young Lafayette who was assisted by Thomas Jefferson in the writing of The Declaration of Rights of Men.
    France’s Declaration of Rights of Men is an argument from the Third Estate against the other two. They wanted to remind the government of its duty to the good of the nation and not specific individuals. The needs of a few shouldn’t hold significance over the needs of many. The American Declaration of Independence wanted to completely cut off all ties to Britain The Declaration of Independence basically reported all the crimes and abuses of power by King George and declared the Colonies intent to form their own nation. The Bill of Rights actually established the specific rights of the people. The Colonies did not want to simply state their rights and call for reforms the way France did, they wanted to establish an entirely new government. Both documents stressed the rights of the people on the basis that sovereignty derives from the people. Without the consent of the governed, the government becomes a tyranny. Both documents stress the right and protection of property, equality under law, protection by law in all court cases, and the regulation of military forces. The French Declaration of Rights of Men wanted to create a strong national government based off of the consent of the people, but the American Bill of Rights gave a large portion of power to the localized states. Regardless of differences in detail, both documents had a profound impact on the governments of France and the United States of America.

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  4. 1. The purpose of the Declaration of Rights of Men--created by the National Assembly--was to protect the people’s freedoms. They were receiving unfair treatment from the French monarchy under Louis XVI, and the men decided to take a stand against these unjust acts. Although Louis vetoed this proposition, the men remained persistent in gaining their rights. The men rebelled against the monarchy, forcing Louis to accept the law.

    2. Even though Marquis de Lafayette was the actual writer of the Declaration, many men contributed ideas and philosophies to be included in the work. Thomas Jefferson--a personal friend of Lafayette’s--suggested ideas for the Declaration, for he had recently written the United States’ Declaration of Independence. Jefferson’s assistance is one of the reasons why the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Declaration of Rights of Men seem so similar. John Locke believed in the three natural rights that a person should be entitled to: life, liberty, and property. These ideas are reflected and mentioned in the French Declaration of Rights of Men. Montesquieu’s theory regarding to political philosophy dealt with the separation of powers in the government. This important thought was also included in the document. Rousseau--outspoken on the corruption of the government as well--voiced his opinions that the government should be more concerned with the equality and character of its citizens. Lafayette favored this theory and made sure Rousseau’s thoughts made it into his writing.

    3. Many similarities can be found between the French Declaration of Rights of Men and the American Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights. First of all, both countries used some type of assembly of men to assist in writing the Declarations--National Assembly in France and General Congress in America. John Locke’s idea of securing one’s natural rights is reflected in both the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Declaration of Independence; however, small changes were applied to the theory. The documents both address a man’s general will, criticizing the existing government’s decision to refuse the people an opportunity to take part in lawmaking processes. The eighth amendment in the Bill of Rights says that cruel and unusual punishment will not be permitted. The Declaration of Rights of Men also includes a portion that addresses the same issue in its eighth article. The freedom of speech and press, Amendment 1 in the Bill of Rights and Article 11, are both mentioned in the two documents as well. Montesquieu’s theory of separation of powers is included in both the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Declaration of Independence.

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  5. 1. The purpose of the Declaration of Rights of Men--created by the National Assembly--was to protect the people’s freedoms. They were receiving unfair treatment from the French monarchy under Louis XVI, and the men decided to take a stand against these unjust acts. Although Louis vetoed this proposition, the men remained persistent in gaining their rights. The men rebelled against the monarchy, forcing Louis to accept the law.

    2. Even though Marquis de Lafayette was the actual writer of the Declaration, many men contributed ideas and philosophies to be included in the work. Thomas Jefferson--a personal friend of Lafayette’s--suggested ideas for the Declaration, for he had recently written the United States’ Declaration of Independence. Jefferson’s assistance is one of the reasons why the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Declaration of Rights of Men seem so similar. John Locke believed in the three natural rights that a person should be entitled to: life, liberty, and property. These ideas are reflected and mentioned in the French Declaration of Rights of Men. Montesquieu’s theory regarding to political philosophy dealt with the separation of powers in the government. This important thought was also included in the document. Rousseau--outspoken on the corruption of the government as well--voiced his opinions that the government should be more concerned with the equality and character of its citizens. Lafayette favored this theory and made sure Rousseau’s thoughts made it into his writing.

    3. Many similarities can be found between the French Declaration of Rights of Men and the American Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights. First of all, both countries used some type of assembly of men to assist in writing the Declarations--National Assembly in France and General Congress in America. John Locke’s idea of securing one’s natural rights is reflected in both the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Declaration of Independence; however, small changes were applied to the theory. The documents both address a man’s general will, criticizing the existing government’s decision to refuse the people an opportunity to take part in lawmaking processes. The eighth amendment in the Bill of Rights says that cruel and unusual punishment will not be permitted. The Declaration of Rights of Men also includes a portion that addresses the same issue in its eighth article. The freedom of speech and press, Amendment 1 in the Bill of Rights and Article 11, are both mentioned in the two documents as well. Montesquieu’s theory of separation of powers is included in both the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Declaration of Independence.

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  6. The purpose of writing the Declaration of Rights of Men was to clearly establish those natural liberties and rights currently being oppressed by the French Government. The people of France, 98% of them being poor, were being taxed to death and unjustly treated by their government superiors. The Declaration of Rights of Men outlines issues such as taxation, property ownership, and lawful protection of the people. Its purpose was to remind the French government of their purpose and responsibility to the nation.
    The Declaration of Rights of Men, written by Lafayette, was inspired by the American Declaration of Independence written several years earlier. When he was 19, Lafayette visited the colonies and played an instrumental role in the defeat of the British. The young man found a mentor in George Washington and served under him during the Revolutionary War. The political and social views of George Washington influenced the ideals of young Lafayette who was assisted by Thomas Jefferson in the writing of The Declaration of Rights of Men.
    France’s Declaration of Rights of Men is an argument from the Third Estate against the other two. They wanted to remind the government of its duty to the good of the nation and not specific individuals. The needs of a few shouldn’t hold significance over the needs of many. The American Declaration of Independence wanted to completely cut off all ties to Britain The Declaration of Independence basically reported all the crimes and abuses of power by King George and declared the Colonies intent to form their own nation. The Bill of Rights actually established the specific rights of the people. The Colonies did not want to simply state their rights and call for reforms the way France did, they wanted to establish an entirely new government. Both documents stressed the rights of the people on the basis that sovereignty derives from the people. Without the consent of the governed, the government becomes a tyranny. Both documents stress the right and protection of property, equality under law, protection by law in all court cases, and the regulation of military forces. The French Declaration of Rights of Men wanted to create a strong national government based off of the consent of the people, but the American Bill of Rights gave a large portion of power to the localized states. Regardless of differences in detail, both documents had a profound impact on the governments of France and the United States of America.

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  7. Will Gallman & Noah Grant
    1.The purpose of the Declaration of Rights of Man was to protect the rights of the French citizens. Part of the document’s cause was to help establish a constitutional monarchy. Neglect and contempt of the rights of man caused calamities and citizens wanted this stopped so this document was published. The document was meant to constantly remind the executive powers of the citizens’ rights so the actions that they use go accordingly with the rights stated in the document.
    2.John Locke, Montesqueiu, and Voltaire the ideas and the creators of the Rights of Man. John Locke’s writings of government gave people the idea of their free born rights. Locke’s Second Treatise of Government influenced the framers of the Declaration. Montesqueis idea of seperation of powers impacted the framers because it gave more power to the people, and less to the government. Voltaire, who did not believe in aristocracy and had views on freedom of religion, influenced the framers of the Declaration of Rights of Man.
    3.The Declaration of Rights of Man was similar to the Declaration of Independence with its concept of rights but differed in its sole, or main purpose. The Declaration of Independence asked for rights but also was intended to make the Americas a single, united nation. Rights of Man, on the other hand, wanted rights so that they could live comfortably as part of French society. The Rights of Man pointed out specific, individual rights while the Declaration of Independence stated that rights were self-evident but it did not list them. The Bill of Rights listed specific rights and it compares to the Rights of Man in this way. In reading the Declaration of Rights of man, many of the same rights appeared in the Bill of Rights such as the rights of the prosecuted in the 5th amedment and the 7th and 9th articles of the Declaration of Rights of Man. Both the Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Rights of Man share ideas on taxing, prosecution, and freedoms—speech and religion for example. These documents both move towards limiting certain powers of the government to better their living conditions.

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  8. 1. The Declaration of the Rights of Man is the list of grievances the French people wanted to convey to Louis XVI. It lists the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man. The purpose was to share the issues that the French people had with the structure of the government and their lack of rights. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
    2. Thomas Jefferson influenced this document because he wrote the Declaration of Independence in which he stated the natural rights of man. John Locke believed in natural rights to life, liberty, and property and also believed that the government should exist with the consent of the governed. Montesquieu postulated that no one man should be over everything and there should be a separation of powers. He favored conditions that would promote liberty and prevent tyranny.
    3. (Read with “Harry Potter” accent or “Adele” accent; whichever you prefer) The Declaration of Independence stated that we wanted complete independence from our mother land of England. America wanted freedom from taxation without representation and fair and representative government. The Bill of Rights and The Declaration of the Rights of Man run hand in hand but the Declaration of Independence wanted freedom from the government while the Declaration of the Rights of Man wanted to change the established government. Both documents were influenced by the idea of natural rights. However, they all presuppose that there is a need for a voice within the governed. Both describe a government with representatives chosen by the people.
    Jordan Clarke and Jasmine Adams

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  9. 1. The Declaration of the Rights of Man is the list of grievances the French people wanted to convey to Louis XVI. It lists the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man. The purpose was to share the issues that the French people had with the structure of the government and their lack of rights. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
    2. Thomas Jefferson influenced this document because he wrote the Declaration of Independence in which he stated the natural rights of man. John Locke believed in natural rights to life, liberty, and property and also believed that the government should exist with the consent of the governed. Montesquieu postulated that no one man should be over everything and there should be a separation of powers. He favored conditions that would promote liberty and prevent tyranny.
    3. (Read with “Harry Potter” accent or “Adele” accent; whichever you prefer) The Declaration of Independence stated that we wanted complete independence from our mother land of England. America wanted freedom from taxation without representation and fair and representative government. The Bill of Rights and The Declaration of the Rights of Man run hand in hand but the Declaration of Independence wanted freedom from the government while the Declaration of the Rights of Man wanted to change the established government. Both documents were influenced by the idea of natural rights. However, they all presuppose that there is a need for a voice within the governed. Both describe a government with representatives chosen by the people.
    Jasmine Adams & Jordan Clarke

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  10. 1. The purpose of the Declaration of the Rights of Men was to state the rights of the French citizens and the circumstances at which they end. It stated that all men were equal by law and laid down a general taxation code. It also states that every citizen is innocent until declared/proven guilty and that no person can be arrested for something not prohibited by the law. It prevents the use of the military for individual gain, and instead uses it as a defense tool for citizens’ rights. This document is a strong advocate of separation of powers.

    2. Montesquieu influenced the Declaration of the Rights of Men by his separation of powers doctrine, which is clearly present in this document. The Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution also influenced the Declaration of the Rights of Men and French Revolution because they both shared similar ideas and wording. John Locke’s belief in life, liberty, and property were taken up by the writers of the Declaration of the Rights of Men and carried throughout this document.

    3. In the Declaration of Independence, the document is attacking the English crown, and listing the neophyte country’s suffered grievances. The document expanded on the natural rights presented by Locke by adding the pursuit of happiness. This document also declared America as an independent nation free of British rule. The Declaration of the Rights of Men and The Declaration of Independence both state that government derives its power from consent of the governed. Both documents establish the belief that when the consent of the people is lost, it is within the duty of the citizens to expel the unjust government. Both documents use at least two of Locke’s natural rights, and say all men are equal. Both documents view the creation of government as an instrument to preserve rights. The Declaration of the Rights of Men is less aggressively worded than the Declaration of Independence, and travels further into the future path of the new government by talk of taxes and military uses. The Bill of Rights and the articles of the Declaration of Rights share some of the same ideas. Both documents seek to encourage free speech without limitations, but the Declaration of the Rights of Men forces citizens to accept the consequences of free speech. Both documents clearly address the judicial system in no excessive bails, no cruel and unusual punishments. The documents differ accordingly to what calamities were suffered by each body of people. The Bill of Rights addresses the most prominent problems caused by the British, and The Declaration of the Rights of Men addresses the problems caused by the first two estates.

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  11. 1) “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen” serves to protect the people from the corruption of the government and to maintain the people’s personal liberties. Within the article, Marquis de Lafayette emphasizes that supreme power resides in the nation only, not one individual ruler. This aforementioned statement portrays the idea that the government has constraints that prevents them from becoming corrupt. Marquise de Lafayette ensures that the government can not become corrupt because “Men are born free and remain free and equal in rights”(Article 1). “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen” was truly created to protect the rights of all citizens unless other factors within the nation occur.

    2) In Article 16, Marquise de Lafayette mentions that a society deprived of the separation of powers has no constitution at all (16).He expanded upon Baron de Montesquieu’s idea of separation of powers which intended to check all levels of the government in order to prevent corruption. John Locke’s natural rights which are life, liberty, and property influence Marquis de Lafayette’s idea portrayed in “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen”. Within the article, Lafayette hints at the thoughts of Jean Jacques Rousseau exhibited in “The Social Contract”.

    3) “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen” and the American Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights prove similar in that they all strive to emphasize that all men are created equal pertaining to natural rights. In “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen”, Marquise de Lafayette wrote that all men have freedom of speech unless they disturb the public order of society, but in the Bill of Rights, freedom of speech is limitless. Although in today’s society, an individual’s freedom has been interpreted in the reality that a person’s rights end when another’s begins. In article four of “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen”, Lafayette emphasizes the idea that the law governs all, but in the Bill of Rights all laws are supreme but many of them are inferred.

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  12. 1) The Purpose of the writing of the Declaration of the Rights of Man is to declare the rights of all the citizens of France. The document states that all men are born and remain free and equal in rights. The National Assembly signed and approved the declaration on August 26, 1789; King Louis XVI did not approve the declaration, but was forced to consent to approving the document because of the protest outside of Versailles, demanding bread.

    2) The philosophy that influenced the writing of the Declaration of the Rights of Man was to have equality of all citizens within the state. The document was written by The Marquis de Lafayette, who was greatly influenced by Thomas Jefferson, who wrote the American Declaration of Independence. The thinker Montesquieu developed the idea of separation of powers, which influenced the philosophy behind the declaration. Montesquieu believed that “it is necessary that by the arrangement of things, power checks power”. With this philosophy, an absolute monarchy cannot exist and the citizens of the nation have more of a voice in their government. Rousseau ‘s The Social Contract supported belief in the general will and popular sovereignty. John Locke was also an influential thinker with his natural rights of life, liberty, and property, as stated in article 17, “Since property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one shall be deprived thereof except where public necessity, legally determined, shall clearly demand it, and then only on condition that the owner shall have been previously and equitably indemnified”.

    3) The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson in effort to gain independence from their mother country, Great Britain. The Bill of Rights consists of ten amendments that state the basic freedoms of U.S. citizens. The Declaration of the Rights of Man consist of seventeen articles that were written to state the rights deserved by all French citizens. The French were angry because the monarchy and higher classes were mistreating the third estate, which consisted of the majority of the French people. The Bill of Rights is similar to the Declaration of the Rights of Man because they both list the basic rights that all citizens should be granted under any form of government. The Declaration of Independence was made to list the grievances of King George III against the American colonists, where as the Declaration of the Rights of Man was made to declare the rights of all citizens. Thomas Jefferson made references in the Declaration of Independence to the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, which is similar to the Declaration of the Rights of Man including liberty, property, security, and the resistance to oppression. In the Bill of Rights, Amendment six and seven discuss the right of a citizen to have a fair trial; these amendments are similar to articles seven and nine in the Declaration of the Rights of Man, stating all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty.

    Kassy Monsalve, JP Glenn

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  13. 1) “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen” serves to protect the people from the corruption of the government and to maintain the people’s personal liberties. Within the article, Marquis de Lafayette emphasizes that supreme power resides in the nation only, not one individual ruler. This aforementioned statement portrays the idea that the government has constraints that prevents them from becoming corrupt. Marquise de Lafayette ensures that the government can not become corrupt because “Men are born free and remain free and equal in rights”(Article 1). “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen” was truly created to protect the rights of all citizens unless other factors within the nation occur.

    2) In Article 16, Marquise de Lafayette mentions that a society deprived of the separation of powers has no constitution at all (16).He expanded upon Baron de Montesquieu’s idea of separation of powers which intended to check all levels of the government in order to prevent corruption. John Locke’s natural rights which are life, liberty, and property influence Marquis de Lafayette’s idea portrayed in “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen”. Within the article, Lafayette hints at the thoughts of Jean Jacques Rousseau exhibited in “The Social Contract”.

    3) “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen” and the American Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights prove similar in that they all strive to emphasize that all men are created equal pertaining to natural rights. In “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen”, Marquise de Lafayette wrote that all men have freedom of speech unless they disturb the public order of society, but in the Bill of Rights, freedom of speech is limitless. Although in today’s society, an individual’s freedom has been interpreted in the reality that a person’s rights end when another’s begins. In article four of “The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen”, Lafayette emphasizes the idea that the law governs all, but in the Bill of Rights all laws are supreme but many of them are inferred.

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  14. Addy and Joseph
    1. The National Assembly declared that the sole reason for social calamity and disruption was that the natural rights of humans have been neglected and the only role of government is to protect these rights. The Declaration of Rights of Man was written to state these rights and provide protection under the law for people in the future. These representatives created this document in hopes of preventing corruption and great injustices that had occurred under the previous monarchies.
    2. Many philosophers come to mind when one reads the declaration of rights of men specifically John Locke and Montesquieu. John Locke greatly influenced English politics. With his beliefs of classical liberalism. He believed the function of government was primarily to protect the natural rights of life, liberty, and property. As also suggested in the Declaration of the Rights of Man, Locke supported the idea that a government should allow more freedoms—when the government oversteps its job of protecting the basic rights of man, tyranny will result. Montesquieu was a proponent of a representative government; he believed that an intermediary group was the greatest protector of liberty.
    3. The American Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights can be both compared and contrasted to the French Declaration of The Rights of Man. All of these documents were created on behalf of the people of the countries in order to express their dissatisfaction with government. These documents also stated many suggestions for political reform. Americans developed these documents in order to protect themselves from future corruptive governments. The Declaration of Independence stated specifically what the people thought was wrong with the English government, while the Bill of Rights created limitations and boundaries for the new government that they established. On the other hand, the Declaration of the Rights of Man was created by French representatives in order to express their general beliefs about how people should be treated under the law. This document outlined the rights and liberties of the people much more specifically and narrowly than the American documents did. Unlike the Declaration of the Rights of Man, the American documents were created in order to allow adaptation as the government evolved.

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  15. Mikey Dotterer & Will Brandon
    1. The Declaration of the Rights of Men was a document drafted during the French Revolution by The Marquis de Lafayette. The document’s purpose was to protect the inalienable rights of citizens in France. It outlined, explicitly, these rights to be liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. These rights were for every citizen no matter their background or religion. It also outlined the equal opportunity for men in positions in government. The document greatly reformed society in France, by declaring men equal and by protecting their rights through law.
    2. There are many philosophers that could have influenced the framers of The Declaration of the Rights of Men. These could have included, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson and Locke could have influenced the framers through their ideas of the inalienable rights of men, which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness and life, liberty, and property for Jefferson and Locke respectively. Rousseau and Hobbes could have influenced the framers through their theory of the social contract. Montesquieu most definitely influenced the French framers through his idea of separation of powers.
    3. The main difference between the Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of the Rights of Men is their purpose. The Declaration of the Rights of Man was written to give people protection from corrupt government, while the Declaration of Independence was written to justify the United States separation from England. However, the documents, including the Bill of Rights, have many similarities. Of these similarities, the most obvious are the inalienable rights, freedom of speech and press, the outline of due process of law, and the social contract. In the DRM, the inalienable rights are slightly different from that of the DI. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression, whereas in the DI these right are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In the DRM, the eleventh point outlines the freedom of speech and press, which is very similar to that of the Bill of Rights. In the Bill of Rights, the due process of law is given in the amendments, five through eight. The process outlined by the Bill of Rights is very similar to that of the process outline in the DRM from point seven to point nine. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson says that the purpose of the government is to protect their rights, and the government derives its power from the people. Jefferson then goes on to say, “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government.” The DRM also says this in point sixteen. There are many similarities in the Declaration of the Rights of Man, the Declaration of Independence, and the Bill of Rights.

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  16. Juan and Kelly

    The Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizen was created to present the King and the government with basic rights that the National Assembly believed that all citizens should possess under law. This document was very much influenced by Thomas Jefferson, who actually helped Marquis de Lafayette write it. In 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence of the 13 Colonies from Great Britain. John Locke along with Thomas Hobbes influenced Jefferson’s ideas about life, liberty, and property. The document shows this influence in the following statements: ”The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.” Within this document, Jefferson stated grievances that the colonies had towards the tyrannical rule of King George III. This contrasts greatly from the purpose of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen which only established basic rights and laws that the government should provide. The document drafted by the National Assembly sought to give rights to the citizens that they believed were necessary for prosperity. This version of a bill of rights strongly influenced the American Bill of Rights, which contains many of the same basic principles. They are also written with a similar structure. The Bill of Rights was created to help protect the citizens of the United States against similar oppressions that they suffered under the rule of Great Britain; these oppressions include quartering of troops, right to bear arms, and freedom of speech. While the Declaration of the Rights of Men and of the Citizens was written prior to the Bill of Rights, it contains many of the ideas that the U.S framers used within the Constitution.

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  17. Bri Dodge and Colby Dno Christenberry

    1) "The Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen" was supposed
    to provide protection for the people from corrupt governments. Written by The Marquis de Lafayette, it defined the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal. The declaration gave the people more confidence in their own government. By regulating the laws of government officials, it was fit to the needs of citizens.

    2)It was a reflection of writings from John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau and was a classic statement of the 18th century liberalism and was written by The Marquis de Lafayette with help from Thomas Jefferson. Marquis de Lafayette was influenced by "The Social Contract", which was written by John Locke. Lafayette added to the natural rights saying that these rights were liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.

    3)The main differences between the Declaration of Rights and the Declaration of Independence was the fact that the French wanted the people to feel secure and safe while the Americans wanted complete freedom for the American people. Americans wanted to be completely separated from Britain. The Bill of Rights created limitations to protect the people from the newly founded American government. Both of these Declarations show an aim towards where both the French and Americans wanted freedom for men and to have equality of individual rights and privacy.

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  18. 1. The Deceleration of the Rights of Men was the French people telling the monarch that he was oppressing them and that they had rights. The people wanted the government to change.
    2. Thinkers who may have influenced the framing of the Rights of Men may include John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson, and so many others. Natural Rights played a role in the framing. Montesquieu's separation of powers also played a role in this Declaration.
    3. Both were similar in the ways they spoke of natural rights and how they were being oppressed by a ruling government. What they addressed as natural rights were completely different. Also in The Declaration of Independence the people addressed the oppressions directly and specifically, while in France's declaration they said they were being oppressed but they didn't list any specific oppressions. Generally they both state the same rights, such as trial by jury and freedom of religion. In some cases they state them in the same words, but France's declaration states them there, and the Americans states the rights separately in a Bill of Rights.
    Bill Young & Roxana Viste

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  19. (Hailey Collis and Will Rhinehart)

    1. The purpose of The Declaration of Rights of Men document was to declare and protect the natural rights of the men of France and ensure that all men are treated equally and no individual or authority has sovereignty over the people of France.

    2. Many Enlightenment thinkers influenced the framers of The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. Jean-Jacques Rousseau primarily influenced the framers with his development of the social contract. In his proposal The Social Contract he proposed two fundamental concepts: the general will and popular sovereignty. Rousseau believed that general will is sacred and absolute, reflecting the common interests of the people. However, general will is not always the will of the majority, but the long-term needs correctly interpreted by a far-seeing minority. This idea is supported through popular sovereignty: the doctrine that sovereign power is vested in the people and that those chosen to govern, as trustees of such power, must exercise it in conformity with the general will. Baron de Montesquieu's belief in the separation of powers also influenced the framers of the Declaration of the Rights of Man to decentralize power. Furthermore, the natural rights proposed by Locke: life, liberty, and property are evident as they are reworded to “liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression”.

    3. France’s Declaration and America’s Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights are similar in many ways. All of these documents aimed to protect the rights of man and secure their freedom and liberty. However, the Declaration of Independence states the unalienable rights of men as being life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, while the Declaration of Rights of Men state them as liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. The Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Rights of Men are the most similar, since they both only declare the rights of man, while the Declaration of Independence was not as specific in stating everything that the citizens were entitled to--it was focused on declaring America’s Independence from Britain and why one country should not be ruled by another. Both the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Bill of Rights state that citizens should not receive excessive punishment, men have a right to the freedom of speech, men are innocent until proven guilty in a trial, a militia is necessary to the security of a free state, and people have the right to worship freely.

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  20. The Cuz Tag Team (Daniel Nelli and Garrett Heath)

    The Declaration of the Rights of Men was written in order to state the rights of the French citizens in respect to the Three Estates. This document, which was influenced by the American Revolution and the Declaration of Independence, relays the ideas of the French revolutionaries in this time period. This document ultimately led to the independence of France. John Locke and his natural rights probably impacted the Articles of the Declaration of Rights of Man for specific French rights are mentioned in Article 1. Thomas Jefferson and the other American revolutionaries, by relaying their ideas through writing, highly influenced the French revolutionaries in their struggle for independence. Natural rights, although different, were mentioned in both declarations. The Bill of Rights along with the Declaration of Rights of Man mention that those accused of a crime are innocent until proven guilty. Last, the Declaration of Independence accuses the King of keeping a standing army even against the will of the people, and the Declaration of Rights of Man states that the army should represent the people, not the king. In contrast, the Declaration of Independence actually establishes independence from the British, while the Declaration of Right of Man tries to establish a working form of government under France’s current ruler instead of directly establishing independence. The Declaration of Rights of Man was very specific as to what the French revolutionaries wanted; however, the Declaration of Independence was less specific, allowing it to be expanded upon during the course of American history.

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  21. Shannon Kay and James Black
    1. The purpose of the Declaration of Rights of Men was essentially to ensure the “natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man.” The Declaration was supposed to continuously remind people of their rights and the rights of others. In addition to this primary objective, the Declaration addressed the grievances of the Third Estate, proposed proper methods of taxation, and ultimately, ensured rights to fair trial and instigated arrest. Drawn together, the components of the Declaration of the Rights of Men functioned together to establish the rights and to assuage the grievances of the French.

    2. Voltaire, John Locke, and Rousseau all proposed ideas that the Declaration of the Rights of Men reiterated and echoed. John Locke proposed life, liberty, and property and the social contract. In the Declaration of Rights of Men, the writers include the rights of man: “These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.” Explicitly, the Declaration included Locke’s idea of liberty and property. Together, security and resistance to oppression contributes to Locke’s initial idea: life. The Declaration of Rights of Men also addresses that “Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his representative,” representing Locke’s proposition of the social contract. Voltaire’s ideas of civil liberties is also present in the Declaration of the Rights of Men. Similar to John Locke, Rousseau addressed the idea of a social contract, as discussed above.

    3. The initial major consistency between the Declaration of Independence and The Declaration of Rights of Man arises as both documents developed to protest and develop a new government: the United States protesting against the English rule and the French protesting the monarchical system. Both documents also outline proper forms of taxes, punishments, and protection of freedom of speech. Overall the two texts serve as a means of protection for the common man from excessive uses of governmental power. The two documents differ in that the Declaration of Rights of Man simply list the rights men should be able to receive in a similar way to the United States’ Bill of Rights, but the Declaration of Rights of Man is limited in consideration to the Declaration of Independence in that the latter exists as more of a protest and the Declaration of Rights of Man exist more a solely a declaration of proper rights.

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  22. Matt Jordan & Jillian Euchner

    1. What was the purpose of the Declaration of Rights of Men?

    The Declaration of Rights of Man was written by the National Assembly of France in order to express the rights of the Third Estate. The Third Estate made up 95% of the population and believed they were being heavily taxed. This made them want to establish the equality of all men and state the natural rights of all men. The National Estate wrote the Declaration of Rights of Man to make these goals happen. It was the people’s hope to notify the first and second estates of the injustices being done to them through way of the Declaration of Rights of Man.

    2. Which philosophers and thinkers may have influenced the framers of the Declaration of Rights of Men?

    Philosophers and thinkers such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau could have influenced the Declaration of Rights of Men with their writings and beliefs on natural rights. Rousseau’s Social Contract explained the relationship between individuals and their governments. The natural rights established by John Locke in the Declaration of Independence, which was drafted before the Declaration of Rights of Men, helped to provide framework for France’s Declaration of Rights. All-in-all the Declaration of Rights of Men was greatly influenced by the Declaration of Independence of America from England. America’s win over England inspired France’s people of the Third Estate to rise up against the other two estates in order to create an equal land of living.

    3. Compare France's Declaration with America's Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights.

    France’s Declaration aligns very closely with America’s Bill of Rights. The Declaration of Rights of Man states the rights in which the people of France wish to obtain. The Bill of Rights in America does this same thing. This is different than the Declaration of Independence in America seeing as how this document simply states that America is withdrawing from British rule and becoming a united nation. The similarities between the Declaration of Rights of Man and the Bill of Rights include equality of all men and separation from taxation. In both cases the people of a nation are being preyed on by the upper class and being taxed without representation. The Declaration of Independence and Declaration of Rights of Man are both written in order to obtain rights for the lower class and separate from a feudalistic society.

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  23. 1. The Declaration of the Rights of Man was meant to create an equality for the third estate of France. The third estate encompassed 98% of the population and consisted of all of the working class, peasants, and even the bourgeoisie. The only people excluded from the third class and were present in the first and second estates were the clergy, wealthy merchants, and nobles. The national assembly created the idea of the estates, and stated that each of the three estates got a single vote. Thus, the wealthy top two estates always outvoted the other one estate. In other words, 2% of the population were able to outvote the other 98%. The Declaration of the Rights of Man attempted to remedy this huge discrepancy in representation by stating that all those who are citizens should all have equal rights and protection under the law. They also attempted to change some of the social oppression that the monarchy imposed upon them by granting freedoms, such as the freedom of speech.

    2. The American thinkers who helped form the Declaration of Independence.Thomas Jefferson was the American envoy to France and he helped the authors of the Declaration of rights form their ideas and create the Document. The French used America’s Declaration and ideas as a basis. Philosophers such as Locke also influenced The Declaration of rights with his ideas of life liberty and property.

    3. Compare:Both the Declaration of Independence and the Declaration secure certain rights for its citizens. The Declaration of Independence gives freedom of speech while the Rights of Man gave the freedom to expression. The right to assembly and petition were also granted in both documents. Finally the documents guaranteed that people were innocent until proven guilty and the rights to proper trials.

    Contrast: 1) The Declaration of Independence actually declared the US as a sovereign nation and completely independent from King George III and England. The French Declaration of the Rights of Man stated that the third estate still remained under the governance of France, but demanded certain social rights from the French government, rights that were very similar to the Declaration of Independence as stated earlier.

    2) The Declaration of Independence lists grievances, and while the Declaration of the Rights of Man was written due to social causes and the denial of basic rights, The Declaration of Independence listed various economic reasons for declaring independence, not just taxes, but trading restrictions that they wished to avoid.

    Tagoon Palepu and Man-Hands Jake Kennington

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  24. Carlos Loaiza & Jenna Huffstetler

    1.) The Declaration of the Rights of Men was a document written by Marquis de Lafayette and was adopted and approved by the National Assembly of France in 1789. Its purpose was to give citizens of France natural rights and liberties. This declaration was meant to let the First and Second Estates know the unhappiness and issues within the Third Estate, which needed solutions. The issues the people of the Third estate were dealing consisted of taxation, property and the protection of citizens by law.


    2.) There were many philosophers and Enlightenment thinkers that have influenced the framers of the Declaration of Rights of Man. The Declaration of Rights of Man was written by Marquise de Lafayette who believed that the rights of man needed to be protected somehow because chaos occurred in France and needed to be resolved. The Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights (written after the Declaration of Rights of Man) was written by Thomas Jefferson who believed that all people should have freedom and equality. Jefferson influenced the Declaration of Rights of Man because he helped write it and was a good friend and neighbor to Lafayette in which Jefferson had the same thoughts and beliefs. John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, and Jean Jacques Rousseau were the most influential Enlightenment thinkers for the Declaration Rights of Man. Locke believed that a government becomes a tyranny if it oversteps the function of protecting the natural rights of life, liberty and property. Locke linked political freedom with economic liberty and private property in which his idea about natural rights being equal to all people became very popular in colonial America. Baron de Montesquieu believed in separation of powers distributing power in government and Rousseau wrote the social contract allowing the people to have general will and popular sovereignty.


    3.) Between the Declaration of Rights of Men and the Bill of Rights and Declaration of Independence there are many similarities as well as differences. The Declaration of Rights of Man, the Declaration of Independence, and the Bill of Rights all believe in rights of freedom and equality. They all were were not written by only one person. The people these documents were written for mainly involved white men, with the exclusion of men of other races and women who did not have much say in those times. The Declaration of Rights of Man discussed what privileges were given to men, while the Bill of Rights stated what freedoms were given to the people as a whole. The Declaration of Independence mostly stated the many faults of the monarchy that was affecting the citizens within all of the colonies; this document caused a separation between the American colonies and Britain while the other documents brought the colonies closer together.

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  25. Mackenzie and Cliff

    1. The purpose of “The Declaration of The Rights of Man and Citizen” was for the average French citizen, feeling oppressed and taken advantage of, to have a clear-cut, easy to understand document detailing their personal rights as citizens that could be conveniently referenced in times of judgement. The people were attempting strengthen themselves in the face of an oppressive regime, declaring their personal rights in officially accepted documentation allowed them to support and defend their arguments as well as themselves.

    2. Undoubtedly, France’s “The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen” shares many ideas similar to contemporary Enlightenment minds of the times. As Enlightenment ideology arguably found its base foundation in the preservation of human rights, it is clear that much of this document’s subject and argument is taken straight from the page of authors such as Immanel Kant or Cesare Beccaria, both men who believed in legal reforms as well as overall domestic equality, emphasizing the right to a fair trial and humane punishment. John Locke was another heavy weight thinker of the time whose writings greatly influenced the structure of “The Declaration of The RIghts of Man and Citizen.” Locke had revolutionary views on governments which challenged thinkers of the time as well as present day. Locke’s theories regarding the ‘social contract’ and his firm arguments against the lack of religious tolerance between religious groups set him apart. Locke’s ideas would have also dabbled in humanitarian pursuits. as with all Enlightenment thinkers, and influenced the more civil rights slanted inclusions. Montesquieu was another thinker who surely would have, if nothing else, at least reflected the ideas of the day. Arguably his most famous work, The Spirit of the Laws discusses reforms to domestic law that greatly agreed with the ideas present within France’s famous declaration.


    3. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and The Declaration of Independence have numerous similarities--however, there are differences. The Declaration of the Rights of Man was written to give people protection from the corrupt government of France by freeing from the monarchical system, while the Declaration of Independence was written to clarify and allow the United States’ separation from England. Both of the documents aimed to protect the rights of man, secure their freedom and liberty, and separation from taxation. France and the United States were being taxed without representation and both documents were aiming to stop that. The Declaration of Independence and Declaration of Rights of Man are both written to obtain rights for the lower class and separate from a feudalistic society. Although containing similarities and differences, both of the documents played tremendous roles in the future governments of both France and the United States.

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  26. Cody & Kelsey

    1. What was the purpose of the Declaration of Rights of Men?

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man, was initially designed to eliminate social disagreements and governmental corruption which were believed to stem from the ignorance of the rights of men. The Declaration sought to guarantee representative government for a sovereign people. Ultimately, reformers sought to change the constitutional monarchy previously established in order to evolve their current system into a more representative government. The Declaration provided citizens with individual freedoms such as freedom of speech, freedom of equality, and the freedom to do whatever, so long as not to harm another.

    2. Which philosophers and thinkers may have influenced the framers of the Declaration of Rights of Men?

    Primarily Lafayette was responsible for the formation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man, however, he also received help from friends and neighbors such as Thomas Jefferson. In addition, many of the theories conducted throughout the Declaration originated from thinkers and philosophers such as John Locke, and Montesquieu. Locke was responsible for the ideology reflecting protection of life, liberty, and property, which he believed to be “natural rights.” Intermediary Groups were believed by Montesquieu to be the best defense for the rights of man, similar to the concept of Representative government. Moreover, the separation of powers helped to influence his development of this declaration.

    3. Compare France's Declaration with America's Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights.

    Similarities:

    The Bill of Rights ensures the freedom of speech, religion, assembly, petition, and press in the 1st amendment. Also, in the Declaration of the Rights of Man, ensures the freedom of expression of both written and spoken opinion, religion, and ideology.

    Both bills allow for the freedom of assembly/opinion with an exception for public safety.

    Both the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Declaration of Independence mention taxation in a effort to equalize and prevent corruptive, or theft-like assessments.

    Both the Bill of Rights the Declaration of the Rights of Man specify that all people are innocent until proven guilty.

    Differences:

    The Bill of Rights leaves undetermined or vague amendments to the interpretation of states, whereas the Declaration of the Rights of Man doesn’t explicitly state which unresolved powers are allotted to whom.

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man in this excerpt “A common contribution is essential for the maintenance of the public forces and for the cost of administration. This should be equitably distributed among all the citizens in proportion to their means.” Demonstrates that taxes are essential in order to maintain a proper form of government, and that the amount in which an individual is taxed should be relative to his/her income. Whereas, in the Bill of Rights, does not explicitly mention anything about taxation.

    The Declaration of Independence specifically mentions trade and global interactions, whereas both the Bill of Rights and the Declaration of the Rights of Man don’t.

    The Bill of Rights allows the citizens the right to bear arms, whereas the Declaration of the Rights of Man doesn’t mention the possession, or use of firearms.

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